"The history of mankind is a continued uninterrupted process of mutual giving and borrowing from one another and a process of cultural cross—breeding. Boundaries among different cultures are usually blurred and difficult to trace. Architectural identity, as an evolutionary chain of creative tradition, can only be sustained and revived from within, starting with a strengthening of these very internal processes and not by imposing external forms”.


Dar Alandalus (DA) is an engineering firm with 25+ years of experience within Architecture, Interior design Building Consultancy, and R&D.  DA's Research and Development is in the field digital heritage, especially Islamic architecture and civilization.  We are recently dealing with the transformation of courses to be taught using latest technologies in Virtual Reality (VR)


On the 7th of October 2009 we signed a partnership agreement for I-NAI - ALANDALUS, a general partnership governed by the laws of Malaysia and Egypt to establish the International Center for the Development of Islamic Art and Architecture [C-DIA] in Malaysia and Egypt. Our future image is under the motto: "art and technology - a new unity". Industrial potentials will be applied to satisfactory design standards, regarding both functional and aesthetic aspects. I-NAI (I-NAI VENTURE HOLDINGS SDN BHD), is a well-known company located in Malaysia for its high standards of design and manufacturing especially hand crafts of traditional Islamic Arts.


Dar Alandalus is recently concerned with transforming education through emerging technologies. Today’s students are much more clued up about technology than their parents and use it on a constant basis. Everything from Facebook and Twitter through to computer games, mobile phone apps, the iPad etc. forms a large part of a teenager’s lifestyle and teachers are aware of this use and reliance upon technology. “Emerging technologies have capabilities (supporting distributed cognition, situated learning, diagnostic assessment, psychological immersion, modelling, visualization, collaboration and community) that enable sophisticated and powerful forms of learning, at scale and not requiring personal heroism by teachers” []".

Virtual / Augmented reality can play an important role in teaching in that it provides an interesting and engaging way of acquiring information to suit all needs. Most students respond to a visual style of learning which virtual reality is more than able to provide. The graphical nature architecture and of this technology combined with an explorative approach, physical interaction and an intuitive interface makes it an ideal vehicle for delivering information to a mixed ability classroom. Students can touch and manipulate architectural objects (artefacts) within a virtual environment in order to generate a greater understanding of them.

Dar Alandalus is also concerned with Digital Heritage and Cultural Tourism. In recent years, digital heritage has begun to transform the process of re-creating and understanding the past. This new field, which integrates the traditional expertise of heritage management, museology, history, and archaeology with the powerful new tools of digital information technologies, has tremendous potential for addressing the new challenges and concerns of the heritage sector in the 21st century.

Within the heritage and historical disciplines, the past is no longer only the domain of specialized scholars, but is also seen as a resource for the economic development of local communities and regions, a medium for cultural identity and cross cultural communication, an edifying destination for cultural tourists, and a focus for educational enrichment. At the same time, the digital information and communications technologies (ICT) have produced a wide range of applications for collecting and processing historical data, documenting and monitoring the physical conservation of objects and monuments, visualizing historic structures and environments, and creating interactive information networks that can link professionals and scholars with students, museum-goers, and interested amateurs.

Multiple knowledge structures, schema, associations, and cases, are involved in creative thought. The rapid and irreversible degradation of Islamic Historic cities recalls the promoting use of multiple knowledge structures specifically schema or associational knowledge that could result in the production of higher quality and more original problem-solutions to sustain the attributes of the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (OUV). To target this issue, we will implement the Knowledge Cube KC©  of  Islamic Civilization that provides characterized-driven modeled classification for elements Islamic architectural and cultural heritage  provide a shared understanding of a the multi-disciplinary extended enterprise including style, form design, historical background and a much more real definition of detailed characteristics of this interactive knowledge The Knowledge Cube KC© could re-address key theoretical issues (e.g. ‘formal knowledge’, ‘models’, ‘representation’, etc.) that preoccupied the design community of that generation, and also re-address the process of ‘the trans- valuation of values’. The integrated visual representation platform will serve three main streams; first, heritage preservation, second, education, third, cultural tourism. Thus we are respectively considering the theoretical bases of Islamic civilization, the various fields of applications for these academic bases, and finally targeting public awareness with the importance of retrieving, preserving and living cultural heritage.

The knowledge Cube KC©– the core of this integrated visual representation platform – is an information model containing modules of self-contained components of information that are interchangeable and has a well-defined interface to the other components so called Knowledge Cube of Islamic Civilization KCIC. This Knowledge Cube is an open repository of 3D cultural heritage models, providing standard mechanisms for preservation, updating, and dissemination, and urban development construction planning, to promote the historical cities, cultural heritage conservation planning scientific and technological such as data acquisition and data deep processing. The proposed Integrated Visual Representation Platform for Multiple Knowledge Structure can link collections and distinct types of heritage information contributions to the sustainable management of even fragile heritage sites and involve local communities in the creation of historical narratives and exhibitions as active participants rather than as a passive audience.